Knee Joint Replacement
The knee is the largest joint in the body and made up of three parts; 1. The femur is the lower end of the thigh bone. 2. The tibia is the upper end of the shin bone. 3. The kneecap is called the patella. The place where these three bones meet is covered with articular cartilage. This smooth substance protects the bones and allows them to glide easily. Large ligaments hold the femur and tibia together and provide stability, while menisci are cartilage wedges that act as cushions for the joint. Normally, all of these components of the knee work together in harmony and lead to healthy knees which are required to perform everyday activities. However, injury or disease often occur and can result in muscle weakness, reduced function, and pain. When the knee is damaged by injury or disease such as arthritis, it may be hard to perform simple activities such as walking or climbing stairs in your home. In a total knee replacement, the experienced surgeons at Orthopaedic Specialists of Massachusetts
are able to remove and replace the damaged ends of the bones with a prosthesis made of a mixture of metal and plastic. Knee joint replacement surgery, an effective procedure which can correct leg deformity, allow the joint to move smoothly, therefore taking away the pain and providing a better quality of life for the patient by helping to resume normal activities. Total knee replacements are one of the most successful procedures in all of medicine with more than 600,000 performed each year in the United States. Whether you have just started your research on treatment options or have already decided on having the surgery, Orthopaedic Specialists of Massachusetts can help you move forward.